|Mansour Boraik : Excavations of the Quays and the Embankment in Front of Karnak Temples - Preliminary Report1. - In: Cahiers de Karnak 13. - 2010. - S. 65 - 78., 18 Figs [ills (most colour), plan]:|
OEB 171979 : The excavations in front of Karnak temples started in 2006. A series of soundings was carried out north and south of the tribune. These excavations revealed new traces of a great embankment 250m long so far, over 4.50 m high, and 1.60 m wide, which was constructed in 14 courses of sandstone blocks with two quays. The main one is to the south of the tribune, and is a large ramp, 22 m wide and 20 m long, leading directly towards the Nile. Taharqa divided the ramp into three parts by building a royal ramp in the middle of this quay. The secondary quay has two staircases facing each other to be used during low water. Many mooring loops were made in the wall for the boats. Evidence from the embankment suggests that the first phase of its construction began during the late New Kingdom. Taharqa extended it to the north and south, and a further extension was added after the 27th Dynasty and lasted to the end of the pharaonic period. Many traces of late Ptolemaic and Roman occupation, including houses, industrial areas, hearths, ovens, and wells were also uncovered. A great deal of pottery, such as vessels, bowls, jars, vats, amphoras, oil lamps, terracotta figures and coins were found during the excavations. The work suggests that the wall does not form part of a basin such as that depicted in the tomb of Neferhotep from the New Kingdom. (Author)
Boraik / Ghilardi / Abdel-Hafez / Hatem Ali / el Masekh / Mahmoud : Geomorphological Investigations in the Western Part of the Karnak Temple (Quay and Ancient Harbour) - First Results2. - In: Cahiers de Karnak 13. - 2010. - S. 101 - 109, 7 figs [graphics, plans]:
OEB 171981 : In this paper the authors aim to detail the first results and the perspectives of a geomorphological study, conducted in the western part of the Karnak Temple. The geoarchaeological approach adopted here helps to provide a better understanding of the Nile River dynamics in the neighbourhood of the ancient harbour and of the jetty identified by archaeologists. The results are based on the study of five stratigraphical profiles obtained by the Supreme Council of Antiquities, and eleven manual auger boreholes (up to a maximum depth of 3.50 m) drilled in November and December 2008. The results clearly indicate the continuous presence of the Nile River west of the First Pylon. Fluvial dynamics characterized by flood events, sandy accretions and thick Nile silts deposits are presented and discussed here for later palaeoenvironmental reconstruction. The accurate levelling of the different profiles and boreholes, using a topographic survey, allow us to obtain long sedimentological sequences and to correlate the different sedimentary units. Perspectives of research are introduced with the possibility of realizing sedimentological analyses, which include the grain-size distribution (sieving method employed) and a magnetic susceptibility study of the different sediments described. Finally, in order to obtain chronostratigraphic sequences, it is also proposed to perform radiocarbon dating on charcoal samples (anthracological studies). (Author)
"Ancient Egyptians Converted Nile Course to Protect Karnak Temples : PHD Thesis3" (Rany Mostafa, Cairo Post, 03.08.2014)
Weiterhin wäre ein Blick in die "Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Egypte" bestimmt nicht verkehrt. Z.Zt. bis einschl. Band 85 (2011), beispielsweise in der Staatsbibliothek Berlin, erhältlich.
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